Top 10 largest subway systems (metro) in the world
Today’s article is for the largest subway systems (metro or underground) in the world. If it were not for the metro, the world’s major cities would hardly cope with their citizens and tourists’ flow. Therefore, underground transport systems have already been installed in more than a hundred cities in different countries. The more complex the infrastructure of the town, the more stations and lengths the subway should have. It is interesting to ask the question, which metro is the largest in the world? The corresponding rating covers ten capitals.
10. Mexico City subway system (195 stations)
Mexico City opens our list of the largest metros in the world. There is an underground transport highway in Mexico’s capital with 195 stations and 12 branches – Sistema de Transporte Colectivo. Its length reaches 226 km, making it possible to cope with the 1.5 billion passenger flow per year.
Mexico City Subway makes it easy for the population and tourists to navigate the stations using various logos for different stations. The next landmark of the Mexico City metro is allocating the first three carriages for the fair sex and children. True, the corresponding privilege is valid only during rush hour. This period is notable for large crowds, due to which it is necessary to resort to the police’s help. However, the Mexico City metro itself operates smoothly and has a high-quality design.
9. Moscow subway system (222 stations)
The Moscow Metro ranks ninth in the ranking of the largest metro in the world. The subway of the heart of Russia connects 222 stations. The railway line of the “State Unitary Enterprise of the City of Moscow” is represented by 14 lines and all of them stretch across the Russian capital for 381 km. At the intersection of the Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya and Solntsevskaya lines is the “Victory Park” span, which is notable for its 84-meter depth. Another node, “Pechatniki,” which is in “Vorobyovy Gory,” is famous for a 5-meter depression relative to the metropolis’s surface. The same station has the most comprehensive 282-meter platform.
Despite its 80-year-old age, the Moscow subway is ready to serve up to 2.5 billion passengers annually. Moreover, in the next five years, the metro will be replenished with 78 stations and will become 160 km longer.
8. London subway system (270 stations)
London Underground is the eighth largest metro in the world. For the past 150 years, the London Underground has been successfully fulfilling its purpose. Having survived to this day, the London Underground acquired 270 stations and 11 lines. The total length is 402 km, which is enough to service 1.2 billion passengers per year.
The London Underground owes its pseudonym “Tube” its tunnel form. In hot hours, individual nodes are forced to take a break. These platforms include Waterloo, which handles over 80 million passengers annually. Another famous London Underground station, “Amersham” rises above sea level by 150 meters.
7. Madrid subway system (289 stations)
Madrid’s underground rail network is 293 kilometers long and winds through 16 branches and 326 stopping points. The Madrid subway is one of the first to have a pair of circular lines. Also, one of the local stations opens the way to the Chambery Museum. The Spaniards called this place “the ghost station.”
Otherwise, the Madrid subway does not differ from analogs in other world capitals – a friendly atmosphere, well-developed infrastructure, and a high-security level. The thematic railway network serves up to 560 million passengers per year.
6. Tokyo subway system (285 stations)
Tokyo Metro is the seventh-largest metro in the world. In the land of the rising sun, there is a subway, which is ready to handle 3 billion passenger traffic in a year. The corresponding volume prompted the Japanese desire to introduce Osi workers into the Tokyo subway. Their vocation is to help passengers get inside the cars. Such a need is especially relevant at the Shinjuku station, the daily workload of which is about 3 million passengers.
Together with it, the Tokyo subway has another 285 platforms and a dozen branches. Together they stretch for 300 km. In Japanese, Tokyo’s transport highway is called Toke Chikatetsu.
5. Paris subway system (303 stations)
The sixth-largest metro in the world is the Paris Metro. This metro is one of the oldest subways in the world. It has been operating since 1900 and currently stretches over 220 km throughout Paris and beyond. This transport system unites 303 stations and 16 lines. The number of platforms with transfer hubs is increasing, which gives the Capital Railway the ability to transport about 1.5 billion passengers a year.
It is noteworthy that individual stations of the Parisian metro have inherited the names of the cities of the heroes of the USSR – “Stalingrad,” “Sevastopol.” Among the subway lines, tourists and experts single out No. 14. The fact is that it has the highest level of automation. The local aprons are 120 meters long. As for the record traffic, this “gold” goes to line 1: the old Parisian line serves more than 160 million passengers a year.
4. Seoul subway system (316 stations)
The largest subway in South Korea boasts 340 km and the longest 52-kilometer line globally – No. 5. There are nine lines in total and 316 stations.
The people of Seoul call their subway “Sudogwon Chongchol.” It carries up to 2.5 billion passengers every year. Many Seoul metro has time to please with its advanced automation and high level of comfort.
3. Beijing subway system (370 stations)
The metro of the capital of the Celestial Empire is often compared to the Great Wall of China. The thing is that the total length of the former exceeds 526 km. Together with 370 platforms and 18 lines, this length guarantees a quality underground transfer for 3.2 billion passengers per year. And this is despite the daily rush hour 10 million flow, which is a record worldwide.
The Beijing subway started operating in 1969. The thematic highway was facilitated by Soviet specialists involved in its construction back in the 50s. Today, specialists from all over the world are working to improve the Beijing subway. By 2020, they promise to extend the project to 1,050 km. A high level of cleanliness and lighting is guaranteed.
2. Shanghai subway system (413 stations)
Another of the largest metro in the world is the Shanghai Metro. Three hundred fifty-five platforms are operating along the highway with a length of more than 560 km. The network is divided into 14 lines. Their number will increase soon. Otherwise, where will the new 125 nodes be located soon? Such a volume will require an extension of the Shanghai metro by 220 km.
Currently, the “great Chinese subway” is recognized as the most progressive in the world. It manages to receive up to 3.5 billion passengers a year. Among the most congested stations is Narodnaya Ploshchad.
1. New York subway system (472 stations)
The Subway in New York is the largest in the world. The New York Underground Railroad is no longer just a subway, but a right multi-level subway. The number of its platforms is 472. Each time this volume increases, which requires an increase in lines. Currently, the last subway of New York has 36 lines, and their total length is 1370 km. Moreover, only 1,056 km have been allocated for the passenger flow. So far, this is enough for the metro to cope with 1.7 billion passengers a year.
The New York Metropolitan has separate noteworthy platforms – submerged to a depth of 50 meters “191 Street” and “Ninth Street,” which operates at the height of 27 meters.